Children’s diet must be healthy, balanced and varied. The moderate use of salt in preparing meals allows them to have a taste more palatable food intake by promoting healthy but somewhat bland as is the case of vegetables and fish.
As is well known, children up to one year of age should not consume any salt, because the nutrients it needs receives from breast milk or adapted formulas. From that age should introduce small amounts of salt, since it is necessary for the proper development of your body. In particular we must mention the consumption of iodine, preventing mental illness.
The UN has proposed universal salt iodization, to provide the body the amount of iodine it needs, through a nutrient available to all, as the salt. The recommendations are 90ppm/día iodine, equivalent to 1.5 g / salt, in children up to 12 years. For teens, are 120ppm of iodine a day, equivalent to 2 g / salt. Elderly People seniors have to reduce their salt intake because diets low in this ingredient may involve certain risks such as dehydration. Moreover, many people deliberately reduce salt intake by the belief that influences blood pressure, although there is now a consensus about scientific evidence.
Salt is essential for many staple foods more palatable in the diet of older people. It is therefore advisable to moderate use to help these people to enjoy healthier diet and do so in a pleasant way.
is not recommended for pregnant women to reduce their amount of salt intake, since there is no scientific evidence for it and may even be counterproductive. During pregnancy it is essential to moderate consumption of iodized salt since it is scientifically proven that iodine deficiency during pregnancy, even moderate, may have an impact on fetal development, especially in the brain.
On the other hand, greater salt intake reduces the rate of pre-eclampsia, a disease of pregnancy that affects 5 to 8% of women. Salt reduction is not related to the swelling which occurs on the feet and ankles, and that this is due to increased estrogen production and increased blood volume.
Athletes / heavy physical work
Due to the frequent perspiration, athletes do not benefit from a reduction in the amount of salt intake. On the contrary, its intake is recommended to retrieve basic minerals and prevent dehydration.